HomeNewsSurat cuts through adversity to keep diamond trade sparkling | Surat

Surat cuts through adversity to keep diamond trade sparkling | Surat

India’s love affair with diamonds goes way back, all the way to the third century BC! According to Kautilya’s book, Arthashastra, India had a knack for making the rough stones sparkle. Fast forward to today, and Surat is leading the way in the diamond trade, cutting and polishing 90% of the world’s diamonds. Not even the toughest economic crises can dull Surat’s shine as the city continues to thrive in the face of adversity — the recent global economic slowdown compounded by the after-effects of the RussiaUkraine war. Diamond trading began in Surat at the start of the 20th century, while the polishing industry began in 1955.
Today, Surat is the world’s biggest centre for cutting and polishing, accounting for 90% of the diamonds traded globally. “The diamond industry in Surat began growing after 1955-60 when people sourced diamonds from other parts of the world and began polishing. Gradually bigger polishing units came into existence,” said Dinesh Navadiya, chairman of the Indian Diamond Institute (IDI). Industry leaders suggest that Surat’s diamond trading and polishing hub is better equipped to withstand the global economic crisis than other countries. The exports of cut and polished diamonds (CPD) declined by 9.78% from $24,433 million (Rs 1.83 lakh crore approx.) in 2021-22 to $22,044 million (Rs 1.65 lakh crore approx.) in 2022-23. “The US and China – two key buyers of CPD – are facing an economic slowdown, negatively affecting exports from Surat,” said an industry player.
“The Russia-Ukraine war mounted additional pressure on the diamond polishing industry owing to sanctions on Alrosa, a state-owned diamond mining enterprise in Russia. It alone accounts for 29% of the rough diamonds mined globally, valued at around $4 billion (Rs 32.816 crore approx.). Supply of rough diamonds from Russia to Surat for polishing is gradually declining due to the sanctions imposed by the US,” the player added. Vipul Shah, chairman of the Gems and Jewellery Export Promotion Council (GJEPC), said, “Global challenges have affected the demand for diamonds in India’s key markets, including the US and China.
However, demand from other regions in Europe and Southeast Asia fared well. India encountered difficulties due to the inconsistent rough diamond supply from Russia. Moreover, challenges with beneficiation (crushing and separating ore into valuable substances or waste) remained as countries such as Namibia, Botswana, and Angola preferred to have their rough diamonds cut in their own countries.” Industry players suggest that India’s position is better than other countries despite the challenges. Vijay Mangukiya, regional chairman of GJEPC, said, “There are job losses in China due to slowdowns in the diamond industry. The Indian diamond industry has absorbed the shocks better, as the export decline is manageable.”
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